Folk Dances of Gujarat
word Garbo or Garaba has originated from Sanskrit word "Garbhdeep"-
an earthen pot with circular holes is popularly known as Garbo. The
earthen pot is symbol of human body and the lighten lamp inside signifies
the divine soul. It is believed that Usha,daughter of king Banasur of
Assam and wife of Aniruddha, the grand son of Lord Krishna is the creator
of Garaba. Every nook and corner of Gujarat throbs with Garbo during
Navratri, the nine-night festival. In the north Gujarat, decorated "Phool
Mandvi" adds colour and beauty to the worship of Shakti. This traditional
dance form has been taken to stage with innovations in music, choreography,
and costumes and has enthralled audience with its beauty.
- Maniaro Ras & Kanabi Ras:
of 36 Ras,only five forms of Ras has been able to survive and Maniaro
is one of them mainly performed by "Mer" community of Sorath.
"Mer" being Warrior community, their Ras depicts the movements
of swards in the battlefield and is full of gusto. Even the Tal is also
very different and of five and half matras known as Maniaro.
Kanbi in Gujarati (local language) means "Farmer". This particular
form belongs to the farmers of Jamnagar district (Halar). Ras is another
extremely popular dance form of Gujarat. This Ras, the dance of hard
working, toiling farmers has the imprint of their work, their day-to-day
life. Men and women dance together with their dandiyas (wooden stick)
in their hands. The swift sitting movements "Besni" and circular
movement "Chakkars" are the specialty of their dance. Of course
the colour of the costumes are eye-catching.
This theme dance is the story of simple Indian folk. It depicts their
plain hearts and strong belief in superstition. In the age of advance
computers, the story presented in this dance, is a true story of each
and every village of India.
- Dangi Nritya (Kahalya)
Internationally popular Dangi nritya is a favorite dance of tribal
of Dang (south Gujarat). The tribe kokans, warlis and bhils perform
this dance on every joyous occasion like Diwali, Holi or wedding.
Typically tribal way, men and women make a chain holding hands and
dance for hours. The main Kahalya (sharnai) player changes tune and
the dancers change their chala (Movements).
This dance belongs to the famous Panchal region of Gujarat well known
for its folk fair "Tarnetar".The beauty of the fair lies
in the spontaneity with which people adorned in gorgeous traditional
costumes joyously break in to dancing. A distinctive feature of the
fair is embroidered umbrellas- a delightful treat for the connoisseurs
of art, meticulously embellished with the mirror work, intricate embroidery
and enchanting lace work. Hudo, being the dance of the hard working
Shepard men and women, has all the vigor and gusto. The colorful embroider
costumes of men and women are eye catching.
Sorath, a prominent one among the five regions of Saurastra of Gujarat
has long coastline. Kharvas and Kolis are the habitats of this coastal
region. Koli men are sailors and are usually at sea. Their women folk
are engaged in the laborious task of making the floor and ceiling
of houses. Stamping the surface with the tool called Tippani does
this. To reduce the monotony of this hard work, women sing and dance
with their Tippani with the rhythm of the work process of stamping.
This has resulted in to a dance "Tippani".
is popularly known as Dandiya Ras. "Harivansh Puran" (epic)
has noted this dance as "Hallisak", in which Gopis (women)
in pair, perform with great grace and later Krishna and other Yadavas
join them. Ras is perform by a group of dancers who move in a circle
to measured steps, marking time by striking wooden stick know as Dandiya.
There were 36 types of Ras in Gujarat. Some are performed only by
men while in other men and women dance in unison. Circular movements
with speed and grace are the salient features of Ras. The roar of
the Dhol, the colorful costumes together with speed, vigor and gusto
leaves viewers spellbound. The songs are usually related to lord Krishna
or have social themes.